Iowa Hotline:800-770-1650 or text IOWAHELP to 20121 | National Hotline: 888-373-7888 or text BEFREE to 233733
Human trafficking happens in Iowa. Our quaint little agricultural state might not seem like the perfect place for human slavery, but when you think about it, our state has all the right stuff to make trafficking human beings attractive to those who seek to profit off the suffering of others: Two major interstates intersect the state's center making travel in and out quick and efficient; Iowans want to think the best of others and may not recognize the warning signs. But change can happen.
Iowa agencies are joining forces to make finding help for victims easier. This map contains identified resources from around our state.
There is no single profile for a victim. Recognizing trafficking victims can be hard, even though many are hidden in plain sight. A common perception of human trafficking is a victim being kidnapped and held hostage. While there are cases like this, it is far from the norm. There is no movement – or kidnapping – required for it to be human trafficking. Victims can still be living in their own home, attending school, and/or participating in activities in their community.
Victims aren’t usually tied up physically, but often held hostage psychologically. Traffickers are adept at identifying potential victims and exploiting their vulnerabilities. They can be individuals or part of a larger criminal network, all with the same intent to exploit people for profit. Just as anyone can be a victim, anyone can be a trafficker. Traffickers can be a parent, relative, boyfriend, girlfriend or someone else. American culture grooms us to “get used to” the idea of trafficking. The media, pornography, video games, and other hyper sexualized images and text that we see every day make us numb to the horrors of sexual exploitation.
According to data from the Polaris Project, a non-profit national organization seeking to end human trafficking, 10,615 victim records give insight into the systems and tactics that traffickers use to conduct their business. Traffickers frequently prey on an individual's vulnerabilities, and the data spotlight factors that may have placed these victims at risk. Top risk factors for human trafficking include recent migration/relocation, substance use, runaway/homeless youth, mental health concern, and involvement in the child welfare system.
Top recruitment tactics include:
It’s hard for many to believe, but a large portion of the vulnerable people who find themselves in a human trafficking situation don’t see themselves as being in danger or as victims. Many of the situations these people come out of are not much better, and sometimes worse, than being controlled and sold for sex. For some, the pimp provides food, shelter, and protection, even at the expense of beatings and sexual mistreatment.
Victims of human trafficking in the midst of their situation often don’t see themselves as victims or recognize that they are in danger. If you have the chance to speak to someone who you think might need assistance, here are a few questions you can ask. If any of the answers cause you to be suspicious of human trafficking, please contact local law enforcement with any details you may be able to share.
The below statistics are based on the signals -- phone calls, emails, and webforms -- received by the National Human Trafficking Hotline that reference Iowa. To protect the identity of the people they serve, the NHTH does not disclose exact statistics related to venues, industries, or caller information when referenced fewer than three times.
This website was developed by the Iowa Department of Transportation in conjunction with the Iowa Attorney General’s Office. The Iowa DOT Motor Vehicle Enforcement has been a national leader in the fight against human trafficking for many years. Working with Truckers against Trafficking, Iowa MVE officers provide valuable information that helps professional drivers recognize and report suspicious behavior.
Key components of the state-based initiative developed on the “Iowa model” include: training state patrol and other law enforcement agencies on the crime of human trafficking; using weigh stations, rest stops, CDL issue/renewal, safety compliance meetings, and ports of entry to spread the anti-trafficking message; mandating TAT training at CDL entry-level; expanding the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) and TAT’s law enforcement network; and assisting in investigations.
Working with the Iowa Attorney General’s Office and victims’ services advocates from around the state, the Iowa DOT will be raising awareness of this issue through mass media, social media, and events around the state.