Documentation is an essential component of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) project development process, which supports and complements public involvement and interagency coordination.
NEPA requires federal agencies disclose the results of their analysis, consider the effects of
project implementation on the environment and solicit comments on the proposals
from interested and affected parties. For transportation projects, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has jurisdiction over preparation of NEPA compliance products. This responsibility is delegated by FHWA to the state department of transportation and includes all projects that receive either federal funding or require a specific federal action.
The purposes for documenting the NEPA process include:
- Providing for complete disclosure to the public.
- Allowing for an opportunity to provide input and comment on proposals, alternatives and environmental impacts.
- Providing the appropriate information for the decision maker to make a reasoned choice among alternatives.